The security measures in a casino begin at the table level, where employees keep a watchful eye on players and games. Dealers, for example, focus solely on the game they are dealing, and can easily spot signs of cheating. Table managers and pit bosses monitor the activity at individual tables, and they can look for suspicious betting patterns. The entire process is monitored by a higher-up who keeps tabs on each employee.
Technology is a big part of the operation of a casino, and it is used to monitor gaming activity. In the late 1990s, casinos began to use computers and video cameras to watch every aspect of the casino. “Chip tracking” involves placing microcircuitry in betting chips, which allows casinos to keep track of the wagers minute-by-minute. Roulette wheels are also monitored regularly for statistical deviations, and players can place bets by pushing buttons, instead of dealing with a dealer.
The casino was originally a public hall where musicians could perform and dance. In the nineteenth century, the casino was transformed into a complex system of gaming rooms. The Monte-Carlo casino opened in 1863, and has been a main source of revenue for the principality of Monaco. In the early 21st century, the world’s first casino was opened in Monaco. While it may seem unappealing to the average player, casinos have been successful for decades.