A casino is an establishment for gambling, with a wide variety of games offered. It is also a major tourist attraction and has facilities such as restaurants, hotels, shops and night clubs. These include a wide range of casino card games such as blackjack, poker and chemin de fer, and table games such as roulette, craps, baccarat and others.
The most popular casino games earn the casinos billions in profits every year. Casino owners invest much money in elaborate fountains, pyramids, towers and replicas of famous landmarks to lure visitors. They use bright lights and the clang of coins to attract patrons. More than 15,000 miles of neon tubing light the casino buildings along the Las Vegas Strip. Casinos also appeal to human senses of smell and hearing: the scent of cigarette smoke is in the air, and the sounds of bells, whistles and dropping coins are constant.
Despite the high stakes, casino gambling is not for everyone. Only about 24% of Americans have visited a casino in the past year, according to Roper Reports. Most casino gamblers are forty-six-year-old females with above-average incomes.
Casinos employ many techniques to prevent cheating. Security starts on the floor, where dealers keep an eye out for blatant cheating (palming cards, marking dice, etc.). Video cameras monitor the casino and catch many violations. Electronic systems monitor the exact amount of bets placed in slot machines, and a computer program oversees roulette wheels to spot statistical deviations. In addition to these technological precautions, all casino employees are required to wear uniforms and follow strict rules of conduct.